Periodontal disease, another name for gum disease, is an inflammation of the gums and tissues that support the teeth caused by bacteria. It is a prevalent oral health concern that, if ignored, can cause serious dental problems. Understanding the causes and risk factors of gum disease is crucial for stopping its spread. Gum disease’s causes and risk factors will be covered in this article.
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1. Poor Oral Hygiene Practices
Gum disease has as its main cause poor oral hygiene habits. Regular brushing and flossing can prevent the accumulation of plaque and tartar on the teeth, which can inflame and infect the gums. Gum disease may eventually occur as a result of the inflammation.
2. Tobacco Use
Gum disease has tobacco usage as a major risk factor. Gum disease can occur as a result of gum irritation and inflammation brought on by smoking or using other tobacco products. Moreover, smoking might impair immunity, making it more challenging for the body to fight off gum diseases.
Genetics has an impact on the onset of gum disease. Gum disease can be more likely to strike an individual depending on their genetic makeup. Gum disease may be more likely to occur in those with hereditary diseases that affect the immune system or the teeth and gums’ structural integrity.
4. Medical Conditions
Gum disease risk may be increased by specific medical conditions. Gum disease risk can be raised by immune system-compromising illnesses like HIV. Due to the possibility of blood sugar levels that are too high harming the blood vessels and nerves that support the teeth, diabetes is a substantial risk factor for gum disease.
The risk of gum disease may be increased by some drugs. Antidepressants and antihistamines are examples of drugs that can make you feel dry-mouthed and can also induce gum disease. Because less saliva is produced when a person has a dry mouth, plaque and germs can accumulate in the mouth.
6. Hormonal Changes
The likelihood of gum disease can rise in response to hormonal changes. The gums may become more sensitive and prone to inflammation due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause. Gum disease might occur more frequently as a result.
7. Poor Nutrition
A bad diet might raise the chance of getting gum disease. The risk of gum disease can increase if a person consumes a diet that is heavy in sugar and carbs since this can cause plaque and germs to build up in the mouth. The chance of developing gum disease can also be increased by a diet that is lacking in important nutrients, such as vitamin C.
Gum disease has an important age component to it. As people age, their likelihood of getting gum disease rises. It becomes more challenging for the body to fight off gum infections as we age because our immune systems become less robust.
Gum disease risk can rise with stress. Persistent stress can impair immunity, making it more challenging for the body to fight against gum diseases. Stress can also result in bad dental hygiene habits, such skipping regular brushing and flossing.
10. Grinding Teeth
Gum disease risk can be raised by bruxism, often known as teeth grinding. The teeth and gums may become inflamed and infected as a result of grinding. Over time, this can lead to the development of gum disease.
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In conclusion, routine dental exams are crucial for both diagnosing and treating gum disease, a bacterial infection that affects the tissues supporting the teeth as well as the gums. Significant dental concerns, such as tooth loss, and systemic health problems can be avoided with early gum disease detection and treatment. By diagnosing and treating gum disease early on, routine dental exams can reduce the need for expensive treatments, saving time and money on gum disease treatment. The risk of acquiring gum disease can also be decreased by following the advise of nearest dental clinic on better oral hygiene habits. For a healthier and happier life overall, maintaining good oral health through routine dental exams is essential.